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Author Name: Philip Emeagawali
Number of articles: 3
Last article added: Beyond the Last Computer
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Africa Must Produce or Perish
Author: Philip Emeagawali | May 19, 2008

Imagine that it is May 25, 2063, the 100th anniversary of Africa Day, a day for reflecting on Africa’s successes and failures. The newspaper headline announces, “Last Remaining Oilfield in West Africa’s American Territory Dries Up.” The article continues: “The last patch of rainforest will soon be empty land scarred by oil pipelines, pumping stations, and natural gas refineries. Wholesale pollution will be the environmental legacy for future generations. “Africa’s offshore oil reserves will ebb away. Abandoned oil wells could well become tourist attractions, and oil-boom settlements will be transformed into derelict ghost towns. “In a world without oil, air travel will disappear, and people will voyage overseas on coal-powered ships. Farmers will use horses instead of tractors, and scythes instead of combine harvesters. As crops diminish and populations soar, famine will grip the globe. With no means to power their vehicles, parents will be housebound, without jobs, and children will walk to school.” This scenario could become a reality, because we no longer have an abundant oil supply. We know oil exists in limited quantities and that most oil wells dry up after 40 years. It is as certain as death and taxes. Rather than debate the exact year when we will run out of oil, I prefer to imagine that we have already run out. It may come sooner than any of us expect. Our heirs will thank or curse us for how much oil we left for them. Instead of asking, “When will Africa run out of natural resources?” we should ask, “When will Africa be unable to export raw materials, either for lack of our own oil or because foreign markets have themselves dried up?” A $100 bar of raw iron is worth $200 when forged into drinking cups in Africa, $65,000 when forged into needles in Asia, $5 million when forged into watch springs in Europe. How can this be? European intellectual capital – the collective knowledge of its people – allows a $100 raw iron bar to command a 50,000-fold increase! It could be said, therefore, that a lack of intellectual capital is the root cause of poverty. Without African intellectual capital, iron excavated in Africa will continue to be manufactured in Europe and exported back to Africa at enormous cost. To alleviate poverty, Africa needs to cultivate creative and intellectual abilities that will allow it to increase the value of its raw materials and to break the continent’s vicious cycle of poverty. Poverty is not an absence of money, Rather, it results from an absence of knowledge. In oil-exporting African nations, multinationals such as Shell (selling rigs for a 40% royalty on exported oil) are getting rich, while the oil rig workers remain poor. Instead of addressing the underlying causes of poverty – minimal productivity resulting from a lack of intellectual capital – Third World leaders have focused on giving false hope to their people. We need less talk about poverty and more action to eliminate it. So how do we do this? Education has done more to reduce poverty than all the oil companies in the world. So it is disheartening to realize that few leaders believe that their people’s potential is far more valuable than what lies beneath the soil. Intellectual capital, not higher wages, will eliminate poverty in Africa. If we all demand higher wages, we will end up paying the higher wages to ourselves. Intellectual capital will result in the creation of new products derived from new technologies. The end result will be not just a redistribution of wealth, but the creation and control of new wealth. And Africa’s power to reduce poverty will open the floodgates of prosperity for millions of people. One catalyst for such prosperity could be telecommuting. If 300 million Africans could work for companies located in the West (just as millions of Indians do), then both regions would benefit. The strategy would be to recognize the labor needs of the global marketplace, and enable Africa to fulfill those needs. For example, tax preparation experts living in Africa, where labor is cheaper, could fulfill the needs of US-based accountants. Furthermore, the time difference could allow for a fast turnaround in service. It is clear that knowledge and technology is crucial to alleviate Africa’s poverty. Africa will perish if it continues to consume what it does not produce, and produce what it does not consume. The result will be a depressing cycle of increasing consumption, decreasing production, and increasing poverty. We are missing a golden opportunity by not using the trillion dollars earned by exporting natural resources to break Africa’s cycle of poverty. We are at a crossroads where one signpost reads “Produce” and another reads “Perish.” We risk becoming like the driver who stops at an intersection and asks a pedestrian, “Where does this road lead?” And the pedestrian replies, “Where do you want to go?” “I don’t know,” the driver replies. “Then it obviously doesn’t matter which road you take!” replies the pedestrian. If we adopt the same attitude as the driver, Africa will have lost its chance to “choose” its future. For decades, power in post-colonial Africa rested in the hands of those with guns, not those with brains. We were not always at war with our neighbors, but we were always at war with poverty. And we spent more on guns than on books and bread. Africa’s choice is clear: produce or perish. However, it is important that we do not blindly choose the lesser of two evils – producing what we cannot consume or consuming what we cannot produce. We can avoid this. My wish is that by the end of the 21st century high-end products in New York City will sport the label: “Made in Africa.” We cannot look forward to our future until we learn from our past. Five thousand years of recorded history reveal that technology was ancient Africa’s gift to the modern world. Forty and a half centuries ago, geometers in Africa’s Nile Valley region designed the Great Pyramid of Giza, the last of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. That man-made mountain remains the largest stone building on Earth. It is an icon of engineering, and testifies that Africa was once the world’s most technologically advanced region. It is absolutely imperative that Africa regain its technological prominence, which will enable it to produce what the world can consume. When we do that, Africa will finally be eating the fruits of its own labor. When Africa has regained its technological prominence, the world’s leaders will seek it out. And, like a rainforest renewed, Africa will flourish again. Excerpted from a speech delivered by Philip Emeagwali to the African community in Valencia, Spain on May 11, 2008. The entire transcript and video are posted at Philip Emeagwali has been called “a father of the Internet” by CNN and TIME, and extolled as “one of the great minds of the Information Age” by former U.S. President Bill Clinton. He won the 1989 Gordon Bell Prize, the Nobel prize of supercomputing.

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Adeoye Ademola    Lagos., Nigeria.    June 05, 2008
Thank you so much Dan Joseph for reading through what I wrote...I am as positive as you are.I believe in the great destiny of this continent but I do not think we should all fold the shirt of arms and shut the door of our mouth voicing out nothing when a small percentage of the population of folks on this continent keep destroying this very continent.

What many folks do not understand about continental building agenda is this: nobody on this continent can build nothing when there are "dirts" arround on this continent. It should be our collective onus to deal with all "the dirts "first so that we can start building in the nearest future.Take for instance,no one can build nothing in Nigeria now until all "the dirts" arround are dealt with.This is the truth.

I said this long ago and I want to repeat it. Hear me all Nigerians:expect nothing new from Yar'Adua led administration.Yar'Adua is a puppet in the hand of some puppeteers. He can not step on the toes of those who put him into power! And it is those who put him into power who are destroying the nation of Nigeria. I laughed loud when I read that Waziri said she would step on toes. She is a joke herself.

She should know that any king who kicks against the king makers,his or her days can not but be numbered. Waziri can not do beyond what Ribadu did. Obasanjo used Ribadu and it is so crystal clear that Yar'Adua would use Waziri.

Dan, we are not black,we are only dark in complexion. The westerners gave us that wrong label and since then, we have been moving arround with. It is high time we remove that stinking garment.They are not white,too!

They are only light in complexion.I hope all the think thank on this continent shall start working with this.

This is no time to build yet,this is the time to remove all the rubbles and it shall take the efforts of you and I. I pray that our age shall not pass on without seeing this continent fulfilling destiny.

I shall no longer keep quiet.I shall continue to stand tall for this continent and shall never sit with those who compromise their stand because of their tiny stomachs. Long live Nigeria,long live Africa!
Dan Joseph    Warri, Nigeria    May 20, 2008
my brother, weep not. There are Nigerians who are actually doing things in the physical space we call Nigeria to foster positive changes. It is important that black people in Africa tap into and make use of their creative imagination. in our communities all over Africa, we should make conscious efforts to talk about how we can INNOVATE and INVENT. we just gat to get more and more into these things. Besides, Emeagwali may actually be doing things in Nigeria apart from his speeches. You just may not be aware...

check out . the technology videos may lighten up your spirit...
Adeoye Ademola    Lagos, Nigeriaa    May 19, 2008
I did read through the article penned by Prof. Phillip Emeagwali of the continent of Africa. I did read through it with tears welled up in my two sockets. My first challenge goes to the like of Phillip Emeagwali. A few months ago,I was thinking loud about the precarious situation of the continent of Africa: If Phillip Emeagwali,Wole Soyinka,Chinua Achebe...sould die outside the shores of this continent ,developing other continents and theirs is left in ruins,ages to come shall not forgive them! It is high time they all return home to build this wasted continent being led by short sighted selfish fathers. If they do not heed this clarion call to return home,there shall be a blood-filled war starting from the shapless nation called Nigeria. We are tired of all the stupid folks leading this continent.
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