Nigeria Exchange
News
About Us Advertise NgEX.com News Business Addresses Nigeria Events Newspapers Newsletter More
Search Nigeria Sites & Businesses Search Tips


 
News General Sports Business Odd / Funny Tech Entertainment Articles Author Login Comments More Categories Author List
 
 
Email A Friend  |   Print
 


x
Outbreak of LASSA fever in Nigeria: Press Release by the Minister of Health
| January 14, 2016

In the last 6 weeks Nigeria has been experiencing LASSA Fever (LF) outbreak which has so far affected 8 states. The States affected include Bauchi, Nassarawa, Niger, Taraba, Kano, Rivers, Edo and Oyo States. The total number of suspected cases so far reported is 76 with 35 deaths, and a Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of 46%. Our laboratories have confirmed14 cases, indicative of a new episode of Lassa fever outbreak.

The first case of the current outbreak was reported from Bauchi in November, 2015. This was followed by cases reported by Kano State, and subsequently the other states mentioned above.
Lassa fever is an acute febrile illness, with bleeding and death in severe cases, caused by the Lassa fever virus with an incubation period of 6-21 days. About 80% of human infections are asymptomatic; the remaining cases have severe multi-system disease, where the virus affects
several organs in the body, such as the liver, spleen and kidneys.

The onset of the disease is usually gradual, starting with fever, general weakness, and malaise followed by headache, sore throat, muscle pain, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, cough, and bleeding from mouth, nose, vagina or gastrointestinal tract, and low blood pressure.
The reservoir or host of the Lassa virus is the “multimammate rat” called Mastomys natalensis which has many breasts and lives in the bush and peri-residential areas.

The virus is shed in the urine and droppings of the rats hence can be transmitted through direct contact, touching objects or eating food contaminated with these materials or through cuts or sores. Nosocomial transmission also occurs in health facilities where infection prevention and
control practices are not observed. Person to person transmission also occurs most especially when a person comes in contact with the virus in the blood, tissue, secretions or excrements of an infected individual.

In response to these reported outbreaks, my Ministry has taken the following measures to curtail further spread and reduce mortality among those affected:

i. Immediate release of adequate quantities of Ribavirin, the specific antiviral drug for Lassa fever to all the affected states for prompt and adequate treatment of cases.

Deployment of rapid response teams from the Ministry to all the affected states to assist in investigating and verifying the cases and tracing of contacts.

iii. Clinicians and relevant healthcare workers sensitized and mobilized in areas of patient management and care in the affected states.

iv. Affected States have been advised to intensify awareness creation on the signs and symptoms and general hygiene.

Furthermore, it is important to note that Nigeria has the capability to diagnose Lassa fever and all the cases reported so far were confirmed by our laboratories. However, because the symptoms of Lassa fever are so varied and non-specific, clinical diagnosis is often difficult, especially early in the course of the disease.

In view of the major steps taken so far:
1. All health facilities in the country are hereby directed to emphasize routine infection prevention and control measures and ensure all patients are treated FREE.

2. Family members and health care workers are advisedto always be careful to avoid contact with blood and body fluids while caring for sick persons.

3. No travel restrictions will be imposed from and to areas currently affected.

4. Healthcare workers seeing a patient suspected to have Lassa fever should immediately contact the State Epidemiologist in the state ministry of health or contact the
Federal Ministry of Health using the following numbers: 0809-381-0105, 0816-321-5251, 0803-157-1667 and 0813-505-0005.



(0) Comment


Comments

"The views and opinions expressed in these comment(s) or article(s) do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of NGEX, its partners or its affiliates."

More News »
 
follow NgEX on Facebook
 
Submit An Article
 
"Press Releases"    More »
IS THIS TRULY MUTINY?????????
Abiodun Idris | December 22, 2014
Greatest Nigeria students and masses of our dear country. I want to start this write up by saluting...
Submit A Press Release »
 
News / Comments   More »
Debts: What you should know as a Nigerian entrepreneur
February 25, 2016 | Gary Crenshaw | 1 posts
It is normal for businesses to owe money at the beginning of a business. That's what separates entrepreneur...  Post comment »
 
 
Article / Comments   More »
Abani, Emeagwali, Oyibo: Trouble in Nigerian Paradise
April 29, 2013 |  Ojonimi Adegbe | 1 posts
Great article. I think this should be placed more out there for people to read and if possible for the...  Post comment »
Building a new Nigeria
December 14, 2014 |  Sweet banana | 1 posts
Hallo Mr. Alexander, you began your essay with a litany of ills that plague Nigeria. I would like to...  Post comment »
Debunking The Fallacies In “Vision for Sustained Prosperity in Nigeria” - Part 1
January 12, 2015 |  Ibidun | 2 posts
These arguments are baseless and do not represent the true position of things  Post comment »
 
Poll
 
Submit An Article
 
 
   
     
 
Copyright © 2005 -2013 NgEX. All rights reserved.