Adamawa State, Nigeria

Capital: Yola
Area:  39,742.12 sq km˛
Population: 3,106,585 (2005 est.)
Number of Languages:  Hausa, Fulfude (58)
Governor: Bindo Umaru Jibrilla, APC
ISO 3166-2: NG-AD
Date Created: 27 August 1991
Population Rank: Ranked 21th



Adamawa is a state in northeastern Nigeria, with its capital at Yola. It lies between 8O0 N and 11N and longitude 11.50 and 13.50 E. It was formed in 1991 from part of Gongola State with four administrative divisions namely: Adamawa, Ganye, Mubi and Numan. It is one of the thirty-six (36) States which constitute the Federal Republic of Nigeria.


The name "Adamawa" came from the founder of the kingdom, Modibbo Adama, a regional leader of the Fulani Jihad organized by Usumaanu dan Fodio of Sokoto in 1804. Modibbo Adama came from the region of Gurin (now just a small village) and in 1806 received a green flag for leading the jihad in his native country. In the following years Adama conquered many lands and tribes. In 1838 he moved his capital to Ribadu, and in 1839 to Joboliwo. In 1841 he founded Yola, where he died in 1848. After the European colonization (first by Germany and then by Britain) the rulers remained as emirs, and the line of succession has continued to the present day.

Adamawa is one of the largest states of Nigeria and occupies about 36,917 square kilometres. It is bordered by the states of Borno to the northwest, Gombe to the west and Taraba to the southwest. Its eastern border forms the national eastern border with Cameroon.


Adamawa was created out of Gongola State on 27th August, 1991 as one of the nine new states created by the Federal Military Government. It is located in the North Eastern part of the country. Prior to its creation in 1991, it was part of the North Eastern StateS from 1967 to February 1976 and Gongola State 1976 - 1991.

The State shares border with Gombe State to the North, and Borno State to the North East, while to the West it is bordered with Taraba State as well as the Republic of Cameroon to the East.


There are over 80 ethnic groups found in Adamawa State. Some of the ethnic groups include: Fulani, Verre, Chamba, Lilba, Kwah, Waja, Tambo, Libo Mwama, Kilba, Viengo and others.

The people of Adamawa, are noted for its rich cultural heritage which reflects in its history, i.e. dances, dress patterns, craftsmanship, music, and her cordial relationships. The three main religions are Islam, Christianity and Traditionalism.

Local Government Areas

They are 21 local government areas in the state namely:
Fufore, Ganye, Gombi, Guyuk, Hong, Jada, Shelleng, Demsa, Madagali, Maiha, Mayo-Belwa, Michika, Mubi, Numan, Song, Yola, Mubi-South, Jimeta, Girei, Toungo and Lamurde.


There are several secondary and primary schools, technical Colleges and private institutions in the state.

The tertiary institution in the states include:Federal University of Technology, Yola (Futy), Adamawa State University, Mubi, Abti-American University Nigeria, Yola (AAUN), Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola, Federal College of Education, Yola, College of Education, Hong, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Yola, School of Health Technology, Michika, College of Legal Studies, Yola, College of Agriculture, Ganye.

Business Opportunities

The major occupation of the people is farming as reflected in their two notable vegetational zones, tile Sub-Sudan and Northern Guinea Savannah Zone. Their cash crops are cotton and groundnuts while food crops include maize, yam, cassava, guinea corn, millet and rice.
The village communities living on the banks of the rivers engage in fishing while the Fulanis are cattle rearers. The state has a network of roads linking all parts of the country.
The development of many communities in the state can be traced to the colonial era when the Germans ruled a swath of territory known as the Northern and Southern Kameruns from Dikwa in the North to Victoria (Limbe) on the Atlantic coast in the 19th century. These were however handed over, as UN Trustee Territories, to the British at the end of the first World War with the signing of the Versailles Treaty. After a series of plebiscites, the Northern Kameruns joined Nigeria to form the then Sardauna Province, and the Southern Kameruns formed a Confederation with French speaking Cameroon.

Majority of the people in Adamawa State are farmers. Cattle rearing are also a major occupation, while village communities living on the banks of Rivers Gongola and Benue and their tributaries in the State engage in fishing and farming.

Crops such as maize, rice, millet, sugar cane, cotton, groundnuts, arabica, guinea corn, tea and kola nuts are also grown successfully in the state.

There are abundant deposits of mineral ore in the state such as marble, mercury, zinc, emerald, diamond, limestone, coal, tin, ruby,graphite etc


Adamawa State is well noted for a rich cultural heritage which is reflected in its past history, craftmanship, music and dances, dress patterns and hospitality.

Festivals such as the Njuwa Fishing Festival which holds at Lake Njuwa in Yola town and the Yinagu fishing festival at Michika attract people within and outside the state from the month of March through May each year.

Other tourist attractions in the state are Koma hills, three sister rocks (Song Local Government) and Kiri Dam near Guyuk.

Useful Resources

The state has a specialist and General Hospitals in the State Capital and some Local Government Areas, equipped with modern facilities. Some of the medical institutions in the State include:Federal Medical Centre, Yola, Specialist Hospital, Yola, Leprosarium Centre, Garkida, General Hospital in (Jada,numan, michika) Cottage Hospital in (hong, guyuk, mayo-belwa, maiha, song, fufore, gulak, borrong, shelleng)

Schools on The Web:

More schools in Adamawa state


State Liason Office:
2, Volta Street, Off Colorado Close, Off Alvan Ikoku Road, Maitama, Abuja

Liaison office of Adamawa in Lagos

Plot 1221 B, Ahmodu Bello Way, Victoria Island, Lagos State, Nigeria