Edo State, Nigeria
|Population:||3,497,502 (2005 est.)|
|Governor:||Adams Oshiomhole (APC)|
|Date Created:||27 August 1991|
|Population Rank:||Ranked 27th|
Edo State is an inland state in central southern Nigeria. Its capital is Benin City. It was formed in 1991 by the split of Bendel State into Edo and Delta State.
Edo state is home to several ethnicities, among them the Bini, Esan and Afemai. The state is renowned for its proficiency in sports and athletics and a culture of intellectual edification and scholastic excellence. The University of Benin, one of Nigeria's prominent Universities is located in Edo State, as are other institutions of higher learning.
Edo State shares boundaries with Delta on the South, Ondo on the West, Kogi on the North-East. The main towns in the state are Benin, capital of the ancient Benin kingdom which is also the state capital, Ubiaja, Auchi, Ekpoma and Uromi.
Edo State was created out of former Bendel state in AUgust 27, 1991 by the then regime of General Ibrahim Babangida. It's capital is Benin City.
Situated in the mid south west of the country, Edo State covers 17,802 square kilometres.
Edo state is home to several ethnicities, among them the Otuo, Bini, Esan, Akoko, Igarra, Ora, Ijo and Afemai. The state is renowned for its proficiency in sports and athletics and a culture of intellectual edification and scholastic excellence.
Edo State shares boundaries with three other states of the federation. It is bounded on the north and the east by Kogi State, on the west by Ondo State and on the south by Delta State. Generally, it is a low-lying area except in the north where it is marked by undulating hills. The main towns in the state are Benin, capital of the ancient Benin kingdom which is also the state capital, Ubiaja, Auchi, Ekpoma and Uromi.
Edo State came into being on August 27, 1991 when what was known as Bendel State split into two in a state creation exercise that also led to the birth of Delta State.
The Edo or Bini people are an ethnic group primarily found in Edo State, And Spread Across Delta state, Ondo State, Rivers state Nigeria. They speak the Edo language and are the descendants of the founders of the Benin Empire. They are closely related to other ethnic groups that speak Edoid languages, such as the Esan, the Afemai and the Owan.
A marriage ceremony depicting one of the traditional attire of the Edo's of Nigeria.
The name "Benin" (and "Bini") is a Portuguese corruption, ultimately from the word "Ubinu", which came into use during the reign of Oba Ewuare the Great, c. 1440. "Ubinu" was used to describe the royal administrative centre or city or capital proper of the kingdom, Edo. 'Ubinu' was later corrupted to 'Bini' by the mixed ethnicities living together at the centre; and further corrupted to "Benin" around 1485 when the Portuguese began trade relations with Oba Ewuare. See Oba of Benin.
The main ethnic groups in Edo State are: Edos, Afemais, Esans, Owans and Akoko Edos.
The state has 18 local government: akodo edo, egor, esan central, esan west, esan north east, esan south east, etsako east, etsako west, orhiomwon, ovia morth east, ovia south west, owan west, owan east, uhumwonde, igueben, ikpoba okha and oredo.
Edo State is one of the most educationally advanced States in Nigeria. Its notable tertiary institutions include the University of Benin, Ambrose Alli University Ekpoma, Igbinedion University Okada, Benson Idahosa University, Auchi Polytechnic Auchi, College of Education Ekiadolor, College of Agriculture Iguoriakhi and Institute of Management and Technology Usen.
Agriculture is the predominant occupation of people in this State. The major cash crops produced are rubber, cocoa and palm produce. In addition, the State produces such crops as yams, cassava; rice, plantains, guinea-corn, and assorted types of fruits and vegetables
Edo State is endowed with abundant natural resources. The principal mineral resources include crude oil, natural gas, clay chalk, marbles and limestone
Places to visit in edo state: ogba zoological garden, somorika hills, ososo hills, emotan statue, the tomb of Asoro, edegbake/oghodhoghodo caves, igun streer, egedede nokaro, the benin moat.
Edo State also has a very rich tradition of festivals and masquerades through which the people either appease the various gods and goddesses initiate men and women into age-grades or as a traditional get-together. They include: The Igue Festival, Ekaba, Ukpe, Irua, Agiele, Ebomisi, Eho, Ukpako, Itikiri, Oriminyam, Owere, Egbere, Uba, Amekpe.
Schools on The Web:
Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi (www.auchipoly.edu.ng)
Benson Idahosa University, Benin (http://www.biu.edu.ng)
Igbinedion University, Okada (www.iuokada.edu.ng)
Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma (www.aauekpoma.edu.ng)
State Liason Office:
Plot 75, Ralph Shodeinde Street, Off Ahmadu Bello Way, Central Business District, Abuja
Liaison office in Lagos:
Edo House, Plot 1225, Ahmadu Bello Way, Bar Beach, Victoria Island, Lagos Nigeria