Gombe State, Nigeria

Capital: Gombe
Area: 20,265 sq km˛
Population: 2,857,042 (2005 est.)
Language:  Hausa
Governor: Ibrahim Hassan Dankwambo (PDP)
ISO 3166-2: NG-GO
Date Created: 1 October 1996
Population Rank: Ranked 33rd


Gombe is a state in north-eastern Nigeria, it was created out of Bauchi State on 1st October 1996 by the late General Sanni Abachas Administration with its capital at Gombe.

Gombe State shares boundaries with Yobe State to the North, Adamawa and Taraba States to the South, Borno State to the East, and Bauchi State to the West. The State, nicknamed the Jewel of Excellence, was formed in October 1996 from part of the old Bauchi State by the Abacha military government. Its location in the north eastern zone, right within the expansive savannah, allows the state to share common borders with the states of Borno, Yobe, Taraba, Adamawa and Bauchi. The state has an area of 20,265 km2 and a population of around 1.8 million.


Historically, Gombe state is a fusion of two distinct groups of people, comprising the emirate of gombe North and the ethnic grouping of Gombe South. Bubayero estalished the Emirate during the jihad period of 1800. It emerged as part of a larger state building force of 19th century Sokoto jihad.

The Emirate government, which had its head quarters in Gombe Abba was formed to effectively control what constitutes a larger part of the Gombe State, until the advent of the British in the early 20th century.

Under the British, the state was administered through the mechanism of two administrative units, i.e. Gombe native Authority and Tangale Waja Native Authorities. The two Authorities constituted Gombe division during the colonial era. However, with independence in 1960 and the subsequent military administration, many changes occured which led to the emergence of local government authorities. Thus, between 1976 and the present, the then two authorities had metarmorphosed into the present 11 local governments.


The state comprises many tribal groups which include Tangale, Terawa, Waja, Kumo, Fulani, Kanuri, Bolewa, Jukun, Pero/Shonge, Tula, Cham, Lunguda, Dadiya, Banbuka , Hausa and Kamo/Awak. Hausa is the commercial language amidst the people.

Gombe State is mainly populated by Fulani People constituting more than half of the state population (more than 50%) Other minor ethnic groups include the Hausa, Bolewa, Tera, Tangale, Waja and Kanuri.

Gombe is home to Gombe State University, Federal University Kashere, College of Education Billiri and State Polytechnic Bajoga . The modern Pantami Stadium has replaced the older Abubakar Umar Memorial Stadium, and is home to the Gombe United F.C.

Local Government Areas

Gombe State is divided into eleven local government councils. The local councils are Gombe, Billiri, Akko, Balanga, Shongom, Funikaye, Dukku, Yamatta, Bayoga, and Kwami local council.


Education is given priority in the state and many primary and secondary schools, colleges of education, and an Arabic teacher's college have been established to provide the people with quality education.

Business Opportunities

The people of Gombe state are primarily farmers producing food and cash crops, they include Cereals: Maize, Soghum,Rice and wheats: Legumes: Cowpeas, groundnuts,soya beans and bambara nuts. Fruits: Orange, Lemon, Mango, Guava, Paw-paw and grapes. Vegetables: Tomatoes, pepper, onions, okra, pumpkin and melon. Tree Crops: Gum Arabic, Kenaf, sugar cane, sunflower and ginger.

Industries in the state include Ashaka Cement Plc, cotton ginneries, furniture and block making industries, and other small scale industries.

Gombe is blessed with natural resources like Uranium, Gypsum, and Limestone.

Recently, petroleum deposits were reported to have been discovered in the state.



Tourist attractions in the state includes: The Tomb of Sultan Attairu, The Tomb of Bubayero, The famous Bima Hill, The Dadin Kowa Dam, The Killang hill, The Tula Plateau, The Bulok warm Spring, The Kalam hill, The Cham Valley, The Ancient Binga Ruins, Major Marsh Grave, Lt. Philips Grave, Bage hills, Tula hideout caves, kanawa forest.

kamo, yeku, bashari, ilar-zhare, yilin, chugothe, dambang,kuram,kamo hunting festival

Useful Resources


Schools on The Web:

Gombe State University (www.gsu.edu.ng)


Other schools include:


State Liason Office:
Plot 534, Ndjamena Crescent, Off Aminu Kano Crescent, Wuse II, Abuja


Lagos Laision Office:

 Plot 1227, Ahmadu Bello Way, Victoria Island, Eti Osa, Lagos, Nigeria