Jigawa State, Nigeria

Capital: Dutse
Area: 23,154 km˛square
Population: 4,988,888 (2005 est.)
Major Languages: Hausa 
Governor: Badaru Abubakar (APC)
ISO 3166-2: NG-JI
Date Created: 27 August 1991
Population Rank: Ranked 8th



Jigawa State is one of thirty-six States that constitute Federal Republic of Nigeria. It is situated in north-western part of the country between Latitudes 11.00oN to 13.00oN and Longitudes 8.00oE to 10.15oE. Kano and Katsina States border Jigawa to the west, Bauchi State to the east and Yobe State to the northeast. To the north, Jigawa shares an international border with Republic of Niger, which is a unique opportunity for cross-border trading activities. Government readily took advantage of this by initiating and establishing a Free-Trade Zone at the Border town of Maigatari.



The state was created on Tuesday August 27, 1991, when the Federal Military Government under General Ibrahim Babangida announced the creation of nine additional states in the country bringing the total number of states to thirty. The announcement was given a legal backing through the State Creation and Transitional Provisions Decree No. 37 of 1991.


The state is mainly populated by the Hausa, Fulani and the Mangawa and the predominant religion of the people is Islam.

Local Government Areas

By the 1999 constitution the state has twenty seven Local Government Area Councils headed by elected chairmen and assisted by councilors elected on the platform of a political party. The local governments are: auyo, birinwa, babura, buji, birnin kudu, dutse, gumel, gwaram, gwiwa, gagarawa, guri, garki, hadejia, jahun, kiri kasamma, kafin hausa, kazaure, kiyawa, kaugama, malam madori, miga, maigartori, roni, ringim, sule tankarkar, taura, yankwashi


The state gives priority attention to education of its people. There are numerous primary and post-primary institutions as well as technical and teacher's colleges in the state. The state could be reached either by road or rail.

Business Opportunities

The people of the state are mainly farmers. Food crops produced include maize, millet and guinea corn, cash crops like cotton and groundnut are also produced.

Livestock is also an important aspect of the economy of the state. Large numbers of cattle are reared in the state.

There are so many industrial enterprises in the state and these industries operate mostly with raw materials produced locally. These are in form of agriculture and livestock.

Jigawa State is blessed with mineral resources: they are kaolin, tourmaline, amethyst, marl stones, potash, solice, iron ore, copper, gold, white quartz, refractory clay and antimony.


Tourists Attraction in the State: Baturiya Birds Sanctuary,  Wawan Rafi, Range of Qwasite Rocks, Ruined Unknown Town, Location of the Emirs Palaces, Captain Philips Tomb, Sallah Festivals, Shadai, Range of Granites, Rock Paintings, Hadejia Town Walls & Gate

Useful Resources

Schools on The Web:

Federal University, Dutse (www.fud.edu.ng)

Jigawa State University (www.jigawauniversity.org)



State Liason Office:
3rd Floor, New State Secretariat,
P.M.B. 7045 Takur,
Dutse Jigawa State.

Email: moiysc@jigawastate.gov

Website: www.jigawastate.gov.ng