Kaduna State, Nigeria
|Population:||6,006,562 (2006 est.)|
|Governor:||Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai (APC)
|Date Created:||27 May 1967|
Kaduna State is a state in central northern Nigeria. Its capital is Kaduna.
The state is the successor to the old Northern Region of Nigeria, which had its capital at Kaduna. In 1967 this was split up into six states, one of which was the North-Central State, whose name was changed to Kaduna State in 1976. This was further divided in 1987, losing the area now part of Katsina State.
It is generally believed that Zaria is one of the seven Hausa States of the early 15th century and among the largest. The other name for Zaria is Zazzau and the inhabitants are called Zage-zage or Zazzagawa.
Tradition has it that the name Zazzau is derived from a famous sword which was honoured in those days by the Zazzagawa and helped to give a kind of ethnic identity years before the recognition of any king by Zaria people.
There were sixty "Habe" (the name given to Hausa people before the Fulani conquest of Hausaland in 1804) rulers (Kings and Queens) who rules Zaria town. The first ruler was called GUNGUMA, and the 22nd was called Bakwa Turunku (it is still not certain whether Bakwa Turunku was a male or a female).
Bakwa Turunku had two daughters and their names were always linked to the history of Zazzau. The older daughter was called Amina, after whom the original wall, which has a length of about 15 kilometres round the city of Zaria is called. Zaria the younger daughter gave her name to the modern emirate and its capital.
Aminna ruled Zaria had was known as a great warrior, her territories stretching as far to Bauchi in the east and extending as far south as the River Niger. She build a walled town wherever she conquered. Tradition also maintains that Queen Amina was nnever married to a fulltime husband all her life. She took a temporary husband where ever she sojourned and had him killed the following morning so that he would never live to narrate his experiences with her. Queen Amina died in Atagara in the present-day Niger State near Bida during one of her campaigns.
According to an oral tradition, Zaria, Queen Amina's sister married a king of Zazzau but later became bored with married life and decided to escape to the north.
Kadunna State provides the meeting point of the earliest histories of Nigeria. It is the home of Nok which gave its name to the oldest culture of Nigeria - the Nok culture
The Hausa and some immigrants from the southern states practice Islam and majori ty of the people in the southern LGAs profess Christianity. The major Muslim festivals are the "Salah" celebrations of "ldEIfitri" and "ldEIKabir", while Christmas, New Year and Easter are observed by the Christians.
The children come from the end of September to early July as pupils in Quranic schools or dry season migrant workers ("yan cin rani" in Hausa) and reside mostly in Zaria. Older in migrants, also come into the cities as "Fadama" farmers and market gardening workers ("yan lambu" in Hausa).
Consequently, the unskilled men and women (1630 years) roam the city streets in large numbers jobless or, at best, underemployed.
Birni-Gwari, Chikun, Giwa, Igabi, Ikara, jaba, Jema'a, Kachia, Kaduna North, Kaduna South, Kagarko, Kajuru, Kaura, Kauru, Kubau, Kudan, Lere, Makarfi, Sabon-Gari, Sanga, Soba, Zango-Kataf, Zaria.
A number of notable educational institutions in the country are located in the State. They are: Nigerian Defence Academy, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Kaduna State University, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigerian College of Aviation, Zaria, College of Education Gidan Waya-Kafanchan, Shehu Idris College of Health Health Sciences And Technology-Makarfi, College of Nursing-Kafanchan
Institute of Leather Research-Zaria
Federal College of Education-Zaria
National Open University of Nigeria
National Water Resources Institute, Kaduna
Nigeria college of aviation technology, Zaria
Nigerian Institute of transport technology, Zaria
Kaduna state is blessed with minerals which include clay, serpentine, asbestos, amethyst, kyannite, gold, graphite and siltimanite graphite, which is found in Sabon Birnin Gwari, in the Birnin Gwari local government. This is an important raw material used in the manufacture of pencils, crucibles, electrodes, generator brushes and other sundry parts.
Kaduna is an industrial center of Northern Nigeria, manufacturing products like textiles, machinery, steel, aluminum, petroleum products and bearings. However, the textile industry has been declining because of factory closings due to neglect during military rule and competition with Chinese imports.
Luggard Hall and Government Monument Bridge * General Hassan Usman Park, Man-made Kaduna * Nok Terra Cotta, Nok Village, Cultural Kaduna * National Museum Museum/Monument * Emir of Zazzau's Palace, Zaria Cultural * Jakaranda Pottery, Kaduna Souvenir
Schools on The Web:
Nigerian Defence Academy (www.nda.edu.ng)
Kaduna State University (www.kasuportal.net)
Nigerian College of Aviation (www.ncat.gov.ng)
Kaduna Polytechnic (www.kadunapolytechnic.edu.ng)
State Liason Office:
37, Jos Marti Crescent, Asokoro, Abuja
Plot 1232, Bishop Oluwole Street, Victoria Island, Lagos