Kebbi State, Nigeria

Capital: Birnin-Kebbi
Area: 36,800 km˛square
Population: 3,630,931 (2005 est.)
Major Languages:  Hausa
Governor: Abubakar Atiku Bagudu (APC)
ISO 3166-2: NG-KE
Date Created: 27 August 1991
Population Rank: Ranked 22nd



Kebbi State is a state in north-western Nigeria. Its capital is Birnin Kebbi. The state was formed from part of Sokoto State in 1991. The state is bordered by the new Sokoto State, Niger State, and Benin, and has a total land area of 36,800 km˛.

Kebbi State is divided into 21 local government areas , four emirate councils (Gwandu, Argungu, Yauri and Zuru), and 35 districts.

Kebbi State shares boundaries with Sokoto State on the North-Eastern axis, Zamfara State on the Eastern part, Niger state on the Southern part and Republic of Niger on the Western part.


Kebbi State came into being on August 27, 1991. It was created out of the old Sokoto State. The capital is Birnin-Kebbi. Its major towns include Birnin-Kebbi, Argungu and Yelwa with a population of 2,062,226.

Kebbi State is a mainly agricultural state created out of the old Sokoto State on 27 August 1991, by the military government of General Ibrahim Babangida. The former Sokoto State being one of the largest states in terms of land area, was simply too large for easy administration and meaningful development and this called for the new state to be created.



With an estimated population of about 3.1 million, Kebbi State has diverse ethnic groups and the dominant among which are Hausas, Fulanis, Kabawa, Dakarkaris, Kambaris,Gungawa, Dandawa, Zabarmawa, Dukawa, Fakkawa and Bangawa.
These ethnic groups speak diverse languages and dialects, with the Hausa language spoken all over the state. The majority of the people in Kebbi state are Muslims following the 1804 Fulani Jihad.

However, there are minority groups of Christians and traditional worshippers particularly to the south of the state. These ethnic diversities and religious differences notwithstanding, the people of Kebbi live in peace with one another.

Covering a total of 36,800sqkm land area, Kebbi State is bounded by Sokoto State to the north and east, Niger State to the south, and Benin Republic to

Local Government Areas

The state has 21 Local Government Area: Birnin Kebbi, Yauri, Sukaba, Wasugu, Danko, Zuru, Koko-Besse, Bagudo, Dandi, Suru, Maiyama, Jega, Bunza, Arewa, Gwandu, Argungu, Aliero, Augie, Fakai, Shanga and Kalgo.


The state has a total of 303 primary schools and 29 post primary schools, it also maintains three higher institutions namely Kebbi State Polytechnic, Birnin Kebbi, College of Agriculture, Zuru, School of Health Technology, Jega, a number of Islamic schools and other centres of Nomadic Education.

The state government recognizes that education is the basic ingredient for socio-economic and technological development. It is committed to ensuring that the people attain high standards in Education. Nomadic Education is also encouraged to improve the standard of life of the wandering nomads of the state.

Business Opportunities

Agriculture accounts for a substantial part of the state's economy. Food crops include guinea corn, rice and millet while cash crops include groundnut and cotton. A large percentage of the people are farmers.

limestone, salt, clay and gypsum.


Argungu International Fishing Festival

The Argungun fishing festival is the culmination of a four-day cultural event in Kebbi State. Thousands of fishermen line up like an ancient army, carrying their traditional nets and gourds at the sound of gun, they pound towards the narrow river Matan Fada and leap into the water. They have just one hour to catch the biggest fish. The festival is not limited to the fishing alone. During the festival there are various cultural, musical and sporting events as well.

Uhola Festival
Another interesting festival in Kebbi state is UHOLA FESTIVAL in Zuru Emirate; this is a yearly festival of thanks given to God for spearing their lives. The festival is normally held around December/ January in all towns and villages of Zuru Area. It is at this festival that some age group teenage boys are considered matured to go into manhood while some age groups of girls also were considered matured to go into woman-hood. The festival takes two to three days of colorful events such as: Dances, Music, Wrestling exhibition of works of art and crafts. It holds in the ancient cities of Zuru area. During this festival, the local populace moves to the ancient city which is normally situated at a hilly area, because of defense against invaders.

Karishi Traditional Settlement
Karishi town is situated around Sakaba town in Sakaba local Government. This settlement is a traditional one and not yet been changed, the people there still holds to the traditional belief and customs. It is hilly and the people come down for anything, they have a fence surrounding their town and watchmen all the day against invaders. The ruler of these people is seen once a year by his subject, he only comes out once a year during one festival.

Tomb of Abdullahi Fodio
The tomb of Abdullahi Fodio the brother of Sheikh Usman Danfodio the great jihadist of the 9th century, the tomb is located at Gwandu in Gwandu Local Government Area. Abdullahi Fodio also participated in the Jihad and he played a role in the 19th century jihad, he was the founder of Gwandu Empire and rule this place until his death up to today his descendents still rule this great place.

Girmace Shrine, Zulu
This is a traditional shrine where a piece of water is surrounded by thick trees, and there in the water, there are crocodiles, this is a place of worship, the local inhabitants visit this place with sacrifice and make special request to the shrine.

Alwasa Battlefield at Argungu
Site where fierce battles were fought between the Fulani jihadist and Kabawa warriors (Gobir, Kebbi and Tuaregs) in 1807.

Yelwa Museum of Archaeology
Arts and crafts works depicting the culture of the people are kept.


Other attractions:
Zuru Museum, Zuru
Moving Rock at Akinkiya in Ngaski


Useful Resources

Schools on The Web:

Kebbi State University (


Other Schools in Kebbi


State Liason Office:
Kebbi State Governor's Lodge, 4A (Plot 21), T.Y. Danjuma Street, Asokoro, P. M. B. 7009, Abuja

Liaison office in Lagos:

3 Adeola Odeku Street P.M.B.72721 Victoria Island Eti Osa Lagos Nigeri