Niger State, Nigeria

Capital: Minna
Area: 76,363 km
Population: 4,082,558 (2005 est.)
Language: hausa 
Governor: Abubakar Sani Bello (APC)
ISO 3166-2: NG-NI
Date Created: 3 February 1976
Population Rank: Ranked 18th



Niger State shares boundaries with Kaduna and Plateau States in the East and South-East respectively as well as with Sokoto in the North and Kwara State in the East.


The areas making up Niger State today comprised the old Nupe and Kontogora Kingdos, Abuja (now Suleja) with link to the famous kingdom of Zauzau and a host of other political entities. The old Nupe Kingdom today has been broken administratively into the Bida Emirate (encompassing Gboko and Lavun Local Government areas) and the Agaie and Lapai emirates.


Similarly, old Kontagora now comprises Kontagora emirates within which there are the chiefdom of Wushish, the territories of Sarkin Bauchi and the Chiefdom of Kagara, all administratively grouped into the Mariga, Magama and Rafi Local Governments.

The State was excised from the defunct North-Western State in February 1976 and became a full-fledged State in the Federation in April of the same year.

There are ten Local Government Areas in the State, viz: Chanchaga, Lapai, Suleja, Shiroro, Rafi, Lavun, Mariga, Magama, Agaie annd Gbako.


The three principal ethnic groups of the State are the Nupe, the Gwari and the Hausa. Other groups include the Koro, the Kadara, the Kambari, the Kamuku, the Pangu, the Bassa, the Bauchi, the Fulani, the Dukawa, the Gade, the Godara, the Ganagana, the Dukawa, the Mauchi, the Ayadi, the Ingwai, the Dibo, the Kadanda the Gulengi, the Abishiwa and the Shigini.

Most of the groups can be said to have evolved and instituted a system of political leadership with either a king or chief surrounded by other title holders.

The Nupe are found in Gboko, Lavun, Lapai, Agaie and parts of Mariga, while the Gwari, Kadara and Koro occupy Suleja, Chanchaga and Shiroro. The Kambari and Kamuku are found in Mariga, Magama and Rafi Local Government.

Local Government Areas

Agaie, Agwara, Bida, Borgu, Bosso, Chanchaga, Edati, Gbako, Gurara, Katcha, Kontagora, Lapai, Lavun, Magama, Mariga, Mashegu, Mokwa, Muya, Pailoro, Rafi, Rijau, Shiroro, Suleja, Tafa, Wushishi.


The State is also educationally inclined having established over 1,165 primary schools, 250 secondary schools and a number of vocational training centers. There are also about 15 tertiary, institutions which include Federal College of Education, Kontagora, the Federal Polytechnic at Bida and the Federal University of Technology at Minna. Others include the state owned Technical Teachers Training Colleges, State College of Education and many others.

Business Opportunities

There is also the presence of other minerals like limestone, glass sands, chalk, copper etc.


Gurara Falls, Gurara LGA Natural/Physical * Zuma Rock, Near Suleija Natural/Physical * Kainji Lake National Park Wildlife/Eco-Tourism * Brass/Glass Works, Bida Arts & Crafts/ Souvenirs * Shirro Dam Tourist Resort Natural/Man-made * Mayanka Water Falls Natural.

Useful Resources


State Liason Office:

Governor's Lodge, 22, Jose Marit Crescent, Asokoro, Abuja