Osun State, Nigeria

Capital: Osogbo
Area:  10,456 sq kilometres
Population: 2,551,522 (1997 FOS est.)
Language:  Yoruba
Governor: Rauf Aregbesola (ACN)
ISO 3166-2: NG-OS
Date Created: 27 August 1991
Population Rank: Ranked 17th


Osun State is an inland state in south-western Nigeria with Osogbo as its capital. The current governor of Osun State is Prince Olagunsoye Oyinlola, who was elected in 2003 with the Deputy Governor, Erelu Olusola Obada. Osun State is home to several of Nigeria's most famous landmarks, including the Obafemi Awolowo University which is located in the ancient town of Ile-Ife, an important early center of political and religious development for Yoruba culture. Other important cities and towns in Osun state include the ancient kingdom-capitals of Oke-Ila Erangun, Ila Erangun, Ede, and Ilesa.

Osun State carved out of the old Oyo State and occupies a land mass of approximately 8,602 square kilometres., It is known as the state of the living spring and is bounded on the west by Oyo State, in the east by Ondo and Ekiti States, in the north by Kwara State and in the south by Ogun State .


Osun State was carved out of Oyo State on the 27th of August, 1991. The people of the state are Yorubas and trace their origin to Oduduwa and the town of Ile-Ife. Osogbo is the capital of the state with a population of 2,203,016.


The major ethnic group in Osun state is Yoruba with sub-ethnic groups such as Ife, Ijesha, Oyo, Ibolo and Igbomina and there are also people from other parts of Nigeria. Yoruba and English are widely spoken in the state. The people of Osun State practice Islam, Christianity and paganism.

Local Government Areas

Osun State, known as the state of the living spring occupies a land mass of approximately 8,602 square kilometres carved out of the old Oyo State. The state is bounded on the west by Oyo State, Ondo and Ekiti States in the east, Kwara State in the north and Ogun State in the south.


There are numerous primary and post-primary institutions in Osun atate. Trade schools, technical schools, teachers training colleges and other higher institutions such as University of Ife; Osun state University, Osogbo; Federal Polytechnic, Ede; are also in the state.

Business Opportunities

The people of the state are mostly traders, artisans and farmers. The farmers produce food crops such as yam, maize, cassava, beans and cocoyam. The cash crops include tobacco and palm produce. The artisans make hand-woven textiles, tie and dye clothes, leather work, calabash carving and mat-weaving.

Mineral resources such as gold, clay, limestones and granite


The state has a rich cultural heritage which shows in their music, art, dances, dresses and cultural festivals. They are well known for their talking drums and bata music. They are also known for excellent works of art. Some tourist attractions in Osun state include

  • The famous Ife bronze,
  • The Oranmiyan Staff which is believed to be the fighting stick of Oranmiyan, the son of Oduduwa who was a great warrior and
  • The popular Osun-Osogbo cultural festival.
  • The Ife Museum ,
  • Obafemi Awolowo University Zoological gardens, Ile-Ase.
  • Yeyemolu Shrines and Oduduwa groove, Ile-Ife.
  • Osun Osogbo Sacred Groove - venue of the internationally recognized Osun Osogbo festival and a UNESCO, world heritage site
  • Adunni Susan Wengers Centre,
  • Genesis Arts Gallery
  • Nike Arts Gallery,
  • Jalumi War Site, Inisa
  • The Olumirin Water-Falls, Erin-Ijesa, Igbo-Sango at Ede and the Ayikunugba Water- Falls at Oke-Ila.

Useful Resources

Schools in Osun State

Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife
Osun State Polytechnic
Osun State University, Osogbo
Osun state College of Education
Federal Polytechnic Ede .
Joseph Ayo Babalola University


Osun State Liason Office:
Abuja: No 5, Monachatt street, Wuse Zone 1, Abuja.
Lagos:53, Fani-Kayode crescent, Opposite Oduduwa Police station Ikeja GRA, Lagos