Taraba State, Nigeria
|Population:||2,688,944 (2005 est.)|
|Governor:||Mr. Darius Ishaku (PDP)|
|Date Created:||27 August 1991|
|Population Rank:||Ranked 30th|
Taraba state is named after the Taraba River which traverses the southern part of the state. Taraba's capital is Jalingo. The state was created out of the former Gongola State on 27th August 1991, by the Military Government of General Ibrahim Babangida.
Taraba state is bounded in the West by Plateau State and Benue states and on the eastern border by the Republic of Cameroon. Taraba has sixteen local governments, which are governed by elected chairmen. These include Ardo Kola, Bali, Donga, Gashaka, Gassol, Ibi, Jalinga, Karin Lamido, Kurmi, Lau, Sardauna, Takum, Ussa, Wukari, Yoro, Zing.
It is bounded by Bauchi and Gombe state on the northern part, Plateau and Nassarawa state on the western part and Adamawa state on the eastern part.
Rivers Benue, Donga, Taraba and Ibi are the main rivers in the state. They rise from the Cameroonian mountains, straining almost the entire length of the state in the North and South direction to link up with the River Niger.
Taraba State was created on August 27th, 1991 when the Babangida`s Military Administration carved it out of the defunct Gongola State.
Taraba is called "Nature's gift to the nation" as the state is rich and have many ethnic groups, including Jenjo, jibawa, Kuteb Chamba, Yandang, Mumuyes, Mambila, Wurkums, Fulanis, Jukun,Ichen,Tiv,Kaka, Hausa and Ndola. A striking historical fact about the State is that it encompasses part of the Mambilla Region which is famed as the Bantu cradle, having been occupied for some five millennia to date (Schwartz, 1972; Zeitlyn & Connell, 2003).
The major occupation of the people of Taraba State is agriculture. Cash crops produced in the state include coffee, tea, groundnuts and cotton. Crops such as maize, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, and yam are also produced in commercial quantity. In addition, cattle, sheep and goats are reared in large numbers, especially on the Mambilla Plateau, and along the Benue and Taraba valleys. Similarly, the people undertake other livestock production activities like poultry production, rabbit breeding and pig farming in fairly large scale. Communities living on the banks of River Benue, River Taraba, River Donga and Ibi engage in fishing all year round. Other occupational activities such as pottery, cloth-weaving, dyeing, mat-making, carving, embroidery and blacksmithing are also carried out in various parts of the State.
Taraba has 16 local government: Ardo Kola, Bali, Donga, Gashaka, Gassol, Ibi, Jalingo, Karim Lamido, Kurmi, Lau, Sardauna, Taku, Ussa, Wukari, Yorro, Zing
Taraba is fairly blessed in terms of literacy and it is experiencing an increase in the number of private schools. The state has
- 62 secondary schools
- 3 teachers college,
- 9 vocational training centres
- a state polytechnic,
- a college of education,
- college of Agriculture and
- school of nursing.
Agriculture is the major occupation of the people of Taraba State. Cash crops produced in the state include coffee, tea, groundnuts and cotton. Crops such as maize, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, and yam are also produced in commercial quantity.
There are tourist attractions such as
- The Mambilla Tourist Centre, which includes of Adamawa, Obudu; Shebshi and Alantika mountain chains.
- Hashaka Games Reserve,
- The mysterious rock formations at Kpambo and
- Marmara pond, Wukari.
Schools on the Web:
Taraba State University (www.tsuniversity.edu.ng)
Taraba State Polytechnic (trbspoly.edu.ng)
Taraba State Liason Office:
Plot 1261, Yauri Close, Off Jere Street, Off Funmilayo Ransome-Kuti Street, Area 3, Garki, Abuja
Liaison office in Lagos:
Plot 1227, Bishop Oluwole Street, P.M.B. 12009, Victoria Island, Eti Osa, Lagos, Nigeria