Yobe State, Nigeria

Capital: Damaturu
Area:  45,502 km˛
Population: 2,757,000 (2011 est.)
Language: Hausa 
Governor: Ibrahim Geidam (APC)
ISO 3166-2: NG-YO
Date Created: 27 August 1991
Population Rank: Ranked 32nd



Yobe State is located in Northern Nigeria and was created on August 27, 1991 when carved out of Borno State. The capital of Yobe state is Damaturu.  It shares boundaries with Borno state on the eastern axis, Jigawa and Bauchi state on the west, Gombe state on the south and shares an international border with the Republic of Niger to the North.


Yobe State came into being on the 27 August 1991. It was carved out of the old Borno State by the Babangida administration. Yobe State was created because the old Borno State was one of Nigeria's largest states in terms of land area and was therefore considered to be too large for easy administration and meaningful development.


The major ethnic groups of the area including Manga, Fulani, Kare, Bolewa, Hausa and Kanuri.


Local Government Areas

The state has 17 local governments in Yobe state. They are: Bursari, Damaturu, Geidam, Bade, Gujba, Gulani, Fika, Fune, Jakusko, Karasuwa, Machina, Nangere, Nguru, Potiskum, Tarmuwa, Yunusari, Yusufar.


Education receives a high degree of attention in the state as it boasts of a total of

  • 631 primary schools,
  • 31 post primary schools and
  • A host of tertiary institutions among which are the State College of Education, Gushua, the Federal College of Technical Education and the State Institute of Management Studies, both at Potiskum.


Business Opportunities

It is noted for agricultural production as farming, fishing and livestock rearing provides employment to over 80% of the states population.

While Yobe state is an agricultural state it also has rich fishing grounds and mineral deposits of gypsum, kaolin, and quartz. The state's agricultural products include: gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, cotton. The state is also said to have one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa located in Potiskum.


It has numerous tourist attractions include:

  • Dagona Birds Sanctuary,
  • Bade Annual Fishing Festival,
  • Daniski Hills and
  • Mai Madrinnama's Palace.


Useful Resources


Schools on The Web:


State Liason Office: 

Plot 1004, Gimbiya Street,Off Ahmadu Bello Way, Garki II, Abuja