Yobe State, Nigeria

Capital: Damaturu
Area:  45,502 km˛
Population: 2,532,395 (2005 est.)
Language: Hausa 
Governor: Ibrahim Geidam (ANPP)
ISO 3166-2: NG-YO
Date Created: 27 August 1991
Population Rank: Ranked 32nd


Yobe State, a mainly agricultural state, is located in Northern Nigeria. Created on August 27, 1991, Yobe state was carved out of present-day Borno State. The state borders the fellow Nigerian states of Borno, Gombe, and Jigawa and borders the nation of Niger. Because the state lies mainly in the dry savanna belt, the state is dry and hot for most the year except in the southern part of the state which has a milder climate. The capital of Yobe state is Damaturu. The state is made of 17 local governments:

It shares boundaries with Borno state on the eastern axis, Jigawa and Bauchi state on the west, Gombe on the south and Niger Republic on the north.


Created in August 1991, Yobe State was a part of Borno State. It has an area of 45,502 square kilometres and a population of 1.4 million according to the provisional census figures.


The major ethnic groups of the area including Manga, Fulani, Kare, Bolewa, Hausa and Kanuri.


Local Government Areas

The state has 13 local government areas including Fune, Damaturu (the state capital), Bade, Nguru, Bursari and Fika.


Education receives a high degree of attention in the state as it boasts of a total of

  • 631 primary schools,
  • 31 post primary schools and
  • a host of tertiary institutions among which are the State College of Education, Gushua, the Federal College of Technical Education and the State Institute of Management Studies, both at Potiskum.


Business Opportunities

It is noted for agricultural production as farming, fishing and livestock rearing provides employment to over 80% of the states population.

While Yobe state is an agricultural state it also has rich fishing grounds and mineral deposits of gypsum, kaolin, and quartz. The state's agricultural products include: gum arabic, groundnuts, beans, cotton. The state is also said to have one of the largest cattle markets in West Africa located in Potiskum.

mineral deposits of gypsum, kaolin, and quartz


It has numerous tourist attractions among which are

  • Dagona Birds Sanctuary,
  • Bade Annual Fishing Festival,
  • Daniski Hills and
  • Mai Madrinnama's Palace.


Useful Resources


Schools on The Web:


State Liason Office: Plot 1227 Bishop Oluwole Street, PMB 12737 Lagos